The six principles from the Principles and Standards for School Mathematics are:
1. The Equity Principle
- Students must be given the opportunity and adequate support to learn mathematics regardless of personal characteristics, background, or physical challenges.
- Students must see that mathematics is an integrated whole, not a collection of isolated bits and pieces.
- Understanding what the students know and need to learn and then challenge and support them to learn it well.
- Need to understand the content of mathematics and select meaningful instructional tasks.
- Learning Mathematics with understanding and also the ability to think and reason Mathematics.
- Students are required to evaluate their own ideas and make mathematical conjectures and test them.
- Having ongoing assessment and observations are essential as it can help in making instructional decisions and gathering data of students' understanding where the teachers can use to better make daily decisions and support their learning.
- Technology tools are essential for doing and learning mathematics and permits students to focus on mathematical ideas and to solve problems in ways that are often impossible without using technology tools.
- Knowledge of Mathematics
- Positive Attitude
- Readiness for Change
- Reflective Disposition